Loans are very important for all of us to realize some of our major dreams in time. We all look forward different kinds of benefits from loans we take. Of course it may be less interest rate, low processing fee, easy documentation, time taken to release the loan and finally, the very important thing we expect from a loan is Tax Benefit.
Tax benefits from loans are in different types and even it depends on the nature of loan taken. We take loan for personal use or to fund for our children’s education or construction of our house. We don’t get any tax benefit from the loan taken for our personal use. But of course we can claim tax exemption on the loan taken for education and house construction. As I have posted an article on Tax Benefits on Educational Loan, now I am giving you the complete details of tax benefits which can be availed on Home loan or the loan taken to construct a house.
Nowadays, it is very difficult to fund the entire amount for your house construction, because of skyrocketing real estate prices and construction costs. Therefore, we all take home loans from different banks at different rate of interest. It is again very difficult to repay the loan, but if you do your financial planning and tax planning properly, you can save a huge amount legally by considering the prevailing tax laws.
According to the income tax laws applicable, the interest paid on the capital borrowed for the acquisition or construction of house property is eligible for deduction up to the maximum limit of Rs 150000 per annum. You also get a 20% rebate on repayment of principal of the housing loan per annum. While this was earlier subject to a maximum of Rs 10,000, it is now Rs 1,00,000 and people can avail this benefit under section 80c of the income tax Act.
You should be residing in the home for which the loan is taken. If you are residing in a city but buying property in your home town to prepare for retirement, this will not be applicable. The property has to be acquired or constructed before April 1, 2003. The money should have been borrowed to construct or acquire property on or after April 1, 1999. If it was prior to this date, the deduction is only valid up to Rs 30,000.
You may find it more convenient and cheaper to finance the property out of your own resources. But do remember, you would be losing the tax shelter on account of the deduction available as well as the tax rebate. You can claim a rebate for housing loan only on producing the interest certificate from the lending institution. Taking a loan from a family member or a friend, who may get you a loan at cheaper rate of interest, or no interest at all, but will not qualify for such deductions. Only loans taken and interest paid thereon, to specified financial institutions which offer housing loans, qualify for deduction under the Income Tax Act, 1961.
If the loan is jointly taken by you and your spouse, you both are entitled to tax benefits. Since both will be claiming the deductions and rebate, you will have to approach the financial institution and ask for a certificate. This certificate will state how much of the loan is your responsibility and how much you are contributing towards the repayment. Your tax deduction and rebate can be calculated based on this amount.